India has one of the most complex education systems with 1.5 million schools all round the country, it is estimated that more than 220 million students study in these schools.
With time, most of the people are getting aware of education but the country still has a long way to go.
The IB programme and English National Curriculum in India
The Indian Baccalaureate (IB) programme is one of the greatest success stories in secondary education over the last few years, it is now recognised as an entrance qualification to universities in more than 140 countries including India.
Schools in India are split between government and private schools. Government schools receive a grant from the state or the central government while the private ones are individually owned that generally teach an international curriculum.
Most of the schools are getting expanded globally at international levels and making IB accessible to the students studying in their schools. A study has revealed that there are more than 520 English medium international schools in India.
Most of the schools of today are now offering diverse and flexible range of education that matches the aspirations of the students that helps them mould in such a way so that they can face the evolving global environment, this helps them to remain connected with technology and to various cultural and social norms.
But still, there are many number of students who are not able to pursue quality education because of:
- Lack of top quality programmes
- Lack of training amongst teachers
- Old syllabus in schools and colleges
- Lack of state of art infrastructure in top colleges
Does The Education System of India Needs Rewiring?
In comparison to education given in other countries, the education system of India lags behind due to significant demand-supply mismatch, none of India’s higher educational systems are featured in top 100 QS rankings, and this is a major drawback for the students with exceptional aptitude and this what the country’s major failure.
What is the reason behind such a crisis?
It is the seven decade approach towards the education sector. Our education is static and bookish and is only focused on how many children are going to school.
According to RTE legislation 2009, around 260 million children attend the school.
But is that enough?
India needs not just the right to education but also right to quality education.
And this can only be achieved by changing the very DNA of our education system from inside to outside.
Ways to Improve Education System in India
Without proper education system, a country cannot develop. Steps can be taken to improve this system in India. Here they are:
- Get the syllabus changed: most of the schools follow the same pattern as it was followed years back, to make the children creative it is important that schools and colleges follow research and development based syllabus.
- Skill based education: most of the schools are still following conventional education system that lacks technical education. To make learning impressive, it is important to introduce skill based learning system so that students can collect funds to continue with their studies.
- Rural education: maximum population of our country stays in the rural areas, so it is important to educate the children of the rural areas too.
- Education and parents: Not only the students, is it very important to get the parents of the students educated so that they may in-turn motivate their children to go to schools. This shall also put a stop on children from becoming labourers.
- Technical institutes: technology is playing an important role in every field, thus it is important to introduce some part of technical education at the school levels too so that the children may start grasping its basics and may not find it difficult at college levels.
- Quality education: most of the people are of the view that good education is provided only in private institutes. We have to change this mind-set of people and make them aware that government institutes too are capable of delivering quality education.
- Counselling: many of the student face difficulty in choosing the right path after completing their education, so it is important to guide them. The teachers should provide regular career counselling to the child so that they may select the right college and career for themselves.
- Well trained teachers: the teachers should also be trained from time to time so that they can deliver good quality education to their children.
Latest Trends in Education System in India
Many of the classrooms in India whether in schools, colleges or universities are categorized by long hours of lectures. These long hour lectures make the students feel clumsy but technology has changed everything. The Indian education system is now imparting technology driven innovations so that children don’t find studies as burden.
One such innovation are smart-classes started by Educomp and many more in the market. It is digital content of library of curriculum mapped, it is rich in multi-media and other 3D content.
It is essentially an innovation that should be adopted by schools and colleges for their students to make learning fun for them.
Future of Education System in India
Dr. Abdul Kalam stated that “India will need 300-500 million skilled youth in future and for this, the education syllabus of the universities and secondary schools needs to be completely changed”.
We are still following the syllabus laid by the British, though we are having IITs, IIMs and good medical and law colleges, still, our contribution towards innovation is least. We should, therefore, focus to churn out not only good engineers and doctors but also artists, scientists, entrepreneurs so that they may too participate in the development of India’s economy.
Schools today play a major role in shaping a person socially and professionally, thus it becomes important to integrate skill based learning amongst the children.